Drug overdose deaths have been rising in the last two decades and have become the leading cause of accidental death in the US.
– Every day, in the US, 120 people die as a result of drug overdose.
– Another 6748 are treated in the ER for misuse of abuse of Rx drugs.
– Almost 5 people per hour died of Rx overdose in the US in 2011. (taken from UN report)
– Nearly 9 out of 10 poisoning deaths are cause by Rx drugs.
– Accidental Rx drug deaths are up 400% in 20 years.
– In 2012, Rx drug overdose was the leading cause of injury death.
– Among people from the age of 25 to 64 years old, Rx drug overdose caused more deaths than motor vehicle crashes.
– In 2013, 35,663 (81.7%) of the 43,982 drug overdose deaths in the US were Unintentional.
– The same year (above), 5,432 (12.4%) of deaths were of suicidal intent, and 2801 (0.06%) were of undetermined intent.
– In 2011, Rx drug misuse and abuse caused about 2.5 million ER visits.
– Of these (above), more than 1.4 ER visits were related to pharmaceuticals.
Most Common Drugs Involved in Overdoses
– In 2013, of the 43,982 drug overdose deaths in the US, 22,767 (51.8%) were related to pharmaceuticals.
– Of the 22,767 deaths to relating to pharmaceutical overdose in 2013, 16,235 (71.3%) involved Opioid Analgesics (also called Opioid Pain Relievers or Prescription Painkillers, and 6,973 (30.6%) involved Benzodiazepines. (Some deaths included more than one type of drug.)
– In 2011, about 1.4 million ER department visits involved the non-medical use of pharmaceuticals.
– Among those ER visits, 501,207 visits were related to anti-anxiety and insomnia medications; and 420,040 visits were related to Opioid analgesics.
– Benzodiazepines are frequently found among people treated in the ER for misusing and abusing drugs.
– People who died of drug overdoses, often had a combination of Benzodiazepines and Opioids in their bodies.
*The stats above are provided by the CDC Control & Prevention, and UN.
Global Drug Use, as reported by the UN:
– Global drug use was stable, but nearly 200,000 drug related deaths according to the latest world drug report from the UN office on Drugs and Crim (UNODC) June 2014.
– It has been estimated, globally, that in 2012, between 162 million and 325 million people corresponding to between 3.5% and 7.0% of the world population – aged 15-64 – had used an illicit drug.
– The substances used (above) belong to the Cannabis, Opioid, Cocaine, or Amphetamine type stimulant group – at least once in the previous year.
– The drug problem by regular drug users and those with drug use disorders or dependence, remains stable at between 16 million and 39 million people.
– It is estimated, globally, that there were 183,000 (range: 95,000 – 226,00) drug related deaths (mostly overdoses) in 2012, with Opioid overdose the largest category.
– Drug overdose was responsible for 41,340 deaths in the US in 2011.
– US overdose deaths have increased for 12 straight years.
– In 2011, and for the fourth year in a rose, the number of US citizens, whose death were drug related, exceeded the number of deaths in traffic accidents (33,561).
*Source: The UN Office on Drugs & Crime (UNODC) 2014 World Drug Report.